Study Identifies Best Options to Improve Air Quality and Thus Reduce Health Impacts in Ulaanbaatar, the Most Polluted City in the World in Wintertime

Өвлийн улиралд дэлхийн хамгийн их агаарын бохирдолтой хот болох Улаанбаатар хотын агаарын чанарыг сайжруулж, агаарын бохирдлын хүний эрүүл мэндэд үзүүлэх сөрөг нөлөөллийг багасгах оновчтой хувилбаруудыг судалгаагаар гаргасан байна

In a recent post on Birding Mongolia Abu mentioned not only some great birds to be seen near Ulaanbaatar in winter, but also the thick smog which is so typical for this city during the cold months. Although this is not directly related to birds or birdwatching, the World Bank press release is probably interesting for people living in Ulaanbaatar and its surroundings, and for everybody interested in Mongolian affairs.

link to the World Bank press release:


When minus 25°C seem to be warm!

text and photos © Andreas Buchheim

In the morning of the 17th December 2011 I looked in much disbelieve at my thermometer which hangs outside the west side of the building. What I saw let me dress up with an additional layer of clothes: minus 36°C (-32.8°F). Anyway, Gankhujag P., Amarkhuu G. and Bolormunkh E., all members of the Mongolian Bird Watching Club, picked me up soon, and we drove towards UB Ponds in the west of the city. As we went we realized that the windactually only a slight breezewas coming from the east and thus was blowing all the smog of the world’s second most polluted city to our destination. Indeed, at the ponds, we could hardly see anything as not only the smog was thick but also the rising fog from the “warm” pondsno wonder at these brisk temperatures. So we went on quickly to check the riparian forest remains below Songijno Khairkhan Uul where we had seen nice birds previously (15 Jan 2011, 30 Jan 2011, 13 Feb 2011; Mongolian Bird Watching Club 22 Jan 2011, and where 600 Black-eared Kites were present in Sept 2011). This time the species composition was a bit different there. Seed-eaters like Eurasian Bullfinch, Hawfinch and redpolls were all lacking, may be as a result of the 1215 cm thick snow-layer, quite a lot this early in winter.

Spring is in the air:
male and juvenile female (in front) Bohemian Waxwings,
below Songijno Khairkhan Uul, Dec 2011

However, we saw about 200 Bohemian Waxwings, two larger flocks of thrushes totalling c.40 individuals (Black-throated and Red-throated Thrushes being the most numerous, but there were also few Naumann’s Thrushes and even a single Fieldfare). The thrushes were taking advantage of the many fallen berries as did the waxwings.

Too cold to walk on both legs:
female Black-throated Thrush,
below Songijno Khairkhan Uul, Dec 2011

Female Black-throated Thrush,
below Songijno Khairkhan Uul, Dec 2011

Record-shot of the Fieldfare,
below Songijno Khairkhan Uul, Dec 2011

Apart from the fieldfare the best bird was certainly a female Güldenstädt’s Redstart (photo at the Mongolian Bird Watching Club Website). Like in summer, we found Azure-winged Magpies (8 plus 3) and there were few each of the other usual corvids.

After a while we travelled further west, and near the so-called UB Bird Plant (Шувуун фабрик), where chicken are bred and eggs are produced, we found a small flock of Eurasian Collared Doves. According to the information we got from a local person we had asked, the doves had appeared for the first time during the previous winter. To our knowledge these 12 birds represent the only (?) December record of the species in Mongolia.

We checked the area around the Bird Plant but could not find any further individuals.

2 of the 12 Eurasian Collared Doves,
UB Bird Plant, Dec 2011

Frequently used Eurasian Tree Sparrow toilet,
UB Bird Plant, Dec 2011

Further down the river (see here and here) we combed the degraded riparian forest and found a female Black, a female Lesser Spotted and a male White-backed Woodpecker, all busily foraging. Here the sun was shining and we felt its power. The temperature had risen considerably and after the very cold start, temperatures even as low as minus 25°C (-13°F) seemed quite comfortable. Two flocks of Long-tailed Tits were each accompanied by Azure and Great Tits and, high up in a willow-tree, was an old nest of Crowned Penduline Tit. This will be something of the past soon: A great many people were seen cutting fuel wood.

Female Black Woodpecker,
beyond UB Bird Plant, Dec 2011

It was a fantastic day out, with great companions. By the time (17:00h) I arrived back home the temperature had fallen already to minus 28°C (-18.4°F). This trip was sponsored by the Wildlife Science and Conservation Center of Mongolia (WSCC).

Thank you guys very much for brighten up this dimly lit day!

2012 International Wild Equid Conference


Dear Colleagues:

Registration and abstract submission is now open for the 2012 International Wild Equid Conference,18-22 September, in Vienna, Austria, at: click here.

Early registration and abstract submission deadline:
June 15, 2012

The International Wild Equid Conference is a rare opportunity for scientists, managers, and wildlife professionals throughout the world to present their work, share ideas, inspire each other, and form working collaborations toward improved conservation and management of our wild equids. The dynamic scientific program includes contributed presentations, outstanding keynote addresses, and interactive forums, as well as a special 20th Anniversary event commemorating 20 years of Przewalski's horse re-introduction in Mongolia and a mid-conference field trip toLake Neusiedl National Park!

Feel free to contact us with any questions, suggestions for workshops and discussion group topics, or to be removed from this mail list. Wide distribution of this information to interested colleagues is appreciated.

See you in Vienna!

your conference coordinators,

Petra Kaczensky, Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
Jason Ransom, USGS Fort Collins Science Center,
Colorado, USA
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2011 MONGOLIA
WILD BIRD PHOTO CONTEST

Recently the 2011 Mongolia Wild BirdPhoto Contest was announced here: click here for more info.

Please enter the contest, the deadline is December, 15th.