May 20, 2007

1,221 and counting: More birds than ever face extinction

BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK, 21 May 2007: The latest evaluation of the world’s birds has revealed that more species than ever are threatened with extinction, and that additional conservation action is critical to reversing current declines.

BirdLife International’s annual Red List update –which takes into account population size, population trends and range size for all 10,000 bird species worldwide- states that 1,221 species are considered threatened with extinction and are to be listed as such on the 2007 IUCN Red List.

The latest update also shows an additional 812 bird species are now considered Near Threatened, adding up to a total of 2,033 species that are urgent priorities for conservation action. More…


Dalmatian Pelican nesting at Ayrag nuur, western Mongolia 1995
Photo © H. Mix

Globally threatened and near threatened species occurring in Mongolia
(an asterisk * indicates that the species occurs only exceptionally in Mongolia; @ denotes species breeding in Mongolia). Source: IUCN 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Note: Species which are often listed in Mongolian publications as globally threatened, e.g. White-tailed Eagle and Black Stork, are NOT listed by IUCN/BirdLife International as globally threatened. The list given below is authoritative.

@ Swan Goose Anser cygnoidesEndangered
* Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropusVulnerable
@ Falcated Duck Anas falcatanear threatened
Baikal Teal Anas formosaVulnerable
Baer's Pochard Aythya baeriVulnerable
@ Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyrocanear threatened
@ White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephalaEndangered
Oriental Stork Ciconia boycianaEndangered
* Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalusnear threatened
@ Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispusVulnerable
@ Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanniVulnerable
* Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinusnear threatened
@ Saker Falcon Falco cherrugEndangered
@ Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphusVulnerable
@ Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachusnear threatened
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourusnear threatened
@ Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clangaVulnerable
@ Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliacaVulnerable
@ Great Bustard Otis tardaVulnerable
@ Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulataVulnerable
* Swinhoe’s Rail Coturnicops exquisitusVulnerable
@? Corncrake Crex crexnear threatened
Siberian Crane Grus leucogeranusCritically Endangered
@ White-naped Crane Grus vipioVulnerable
Hooded Crane Grus monachaVulnerable
Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensisEndangered
* Sociable Plover Vanellus gregariousCritically Endangered
@ Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatusnear threatened
@ Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosanear threatened
@ Relict Gull Larus relictusVulnerable
* Yellow-eyed Pigeon Columba eversmanniVulnerable
@? Marsh Grassbird Megalurus pryeriVulnerable
@ Reed Parrotbill Paradoxornis heudeinear threatened
@ White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignisVulnerable
@ Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureolanear threatened
@ Ochre-rumped Bunting Emberiza yessoensisnear threatened

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